Effects of European Invasion and Colonization on Native American Populations

European civilization has changed the sense of community and tribal ties for the Native American populations. The Chippewa, poem, civilization is introduced by a letter written by John Wayne on how the drive-in picture is packed. Symbolism is used to refer to the colonization of North America, by the introduction of the aspect of mosquitoes (Erdrich 238). Regardless of the spirals surrounding the Pontiac, the mosquitoes still manage to break through the window screens baying for blood. This means that despite the efforts put into place by local natives of North America in protecting their culture, history, and norms, the colonizers still manage to find their way through to disrupt their lives. In the resistance, natives lose their lives in a bid to protect their roots. They are being described as dying beautifully, that the clouds created an environment of vengeance. Colonizers always fought to take away or be in complete control of everything that they found in a colony. However, it is not through resistance that one acquires what has been forcefully taken away from them because it only leads to death. A symbolic phrase “the eye sees but the heart is blind” has been used to demonstrate the extent to which civilization has taken root in the North American society. Natives want to put up a resistance to protect their land and everything in it, but their efforts are scampered because of the lack of belief, they submit themselves to the effects of colonization. You can read how it was in other countries in this global history essay.

Louis Erdrich introduces Susy, who stays in Alaska, and when she takes Henry and the brother to her home, there are aspects of stereotypes, the children in that place could not get over him (Erdrich:108) because they looked different and this made them be viewed in a different way. Colonizers who came into the place were considered in a different way; they were viewed as embodying different values, norms. Growing up in ethnic America, there are services which cannot be accessed by locals, and this is shown by the incident when Henry’s brother suffers an injury; blood was dripping from his mouth (Erdrich 108). Henry’s mother reiterates that they cannot be given access to the regular hospital and that he would not be fixed in that hospital (Erdrich 109). Colonization has brought different systems, where there is discrimination in the provision of services in North America. The fact that Henry’s mother has many husbands shows the impact colonization has had on the locals; that women are allowed to practice polyandry (Erdrich 109). The poem is centered on the lives of Indians, who to an extent, were the first occupants of the United States of America. The car in the poem is used as a symbol to demonstrate the ethnicity that brewed between the Indians and the colonizers. Despite the car being new, Henry tried to fix the car to make it more appealing to his brother, but his efforts did not make any significant change (Erdrich 114). Regardless of the adverse effects of colonialism including discrimination of services, people still tend to blend in by copying the values, norms, and practices of colonialists.

Sherman introduces victor, who after losing his job, dies from a heart attack in Phoenix, and the tribunal council could not do much to help him meet the costs of his father’s burial. His childhood friend, Thomas has known his father all his life. Thomas once told Victor that his father had a weak heart and that he feared his own family as he watched television late into the night until he heard white noise. Victor’s father wants to run away and does not want anyone to find him (Alexie 59). Thomas claims that he heard about the death of Victor’s father on the wind, from the birds, and in the sunlight. This piece of article brings in the fears of Indians over the influence of whites in their native state. They were too old to become warriors, to defend their traditions, their history, their culture, and their resources. White influence sets in where Thomas was flirting with a white woman on the plane, something which was not allowed in the Indian culture. Thomas begins denying his roots when asked by Cathy whether they were Indians, which he denied by stating that he is the half magician and half clown. It is clear that Indians and whites do not share a lot in common judging from the joke of Thomas where nobody laughed. Victor concedes that not everyone is nice, and when they accidentally killed a jackrabbit, Victor claimed that it was the only thing that was alive in the whole state. Civilization had driven sense out of the community, had broken tribal ties, and Victor conceded that the only thing he could share with people was broken dreams and a bottle.

BB2 #6 Out Now

Issue 6 of the Burning Bush 2 is online now and can be downloaded here. We know it’s a little late but, as modest as we are, we think it’s been worth waiting for: new work from John W. Sexton, Laura Cleary, Nessa O’Mahony, Derek Coyle & Dylan Brennan to name a few; the editor of the original Burning Bush, Michael S. Begnal, reviews new collections from Sarah Hayden and Billy Ramsell; and, in the first of a new series, David Gardiner gets the skinny from American poet & critic Daniel Tobin.


Number 6

The Burning Bush 2 has moved to a new domain over in .org land. Issue #6 is on the way and features new work from Kevin Higgins, Donna Sorensen, Nessa O’Mahony, John W. Sexton and many others. Watch this space.